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Present Simple of be (am, is, are)

  • (+) sujeto + be + complemento.
  • (-) sujeto + be + not + complemento.
  • (?) Be + sujeto + complemento?
  • (=) Yes, + sujeto + be. / No, + sujeto + be + not.

Present Simple Regular and Irregular Verbs

  • (+) Sujeto + verbo* + complemento.
  • (-) Sujeto + don't/doesn't + verbo + complemento.
  • (?) Do/Does + sujeto + verbo + complemento?
  • (=) Yes, + sujeto** + do/does. / No, + sujeto** + don't/doesn't.

Past Simple of verb be (was, were)

  • (+) Sujeto + was/were + complemento.
  • (-) Sujeto + wasn't/weren't + complemento.
  • (?) Was/Were + sujeto + complemento?
  • (=) Yes, + sujeto** + was/were. / No, + sujeto** + wasn't/weren't.

Past Simple Regular and Irregular Verbs

  • (+) Sujeto + verbo pasado simple + complemento.
  • (-) Sujeto + didn't + verbo presente simple + complemento.
  • (?) Did + sujeto + verbo presente simple + complemento?
  • (=) Yes, + sujeto** + did. / No, + sujeto** + didn't.

Present Continuous

  • (+) Sujeto + be + verbo -ing + complemento.
  • (-) Sujeto + be + not + verbo -ing + complemento.
  • (?) Be + sujeto + verbo -ing + complemento?
  • (=) Yes, + sujeto** + be. / No, + sujeto** + be + not.

Past Continuous

  • (+) Sujeto + was/were + verbo -ing + complemento.
  • (-) Sujeto + wasn't/weren't + verbo -ing + complemento.
  • (?) Was/Were + sujeto + verbo -ing + complemento?
  • (=) Yes, + sujeto** + was/were. / No, + sujeto** + wasn't/weren't.

Future with will

  • (+) Sujeto + will + verbo infinitivo + complemento.
  • (-) Sujeto + won't + verbo infinitivo + complemento.
  • (?) Will + sujeto + verbo infinitivo + complemento?
  • (=) Yes, + sujeto** + will. / No, + sujeto** + won't.

Future with be going to

  • (+) Sujeto + be + going to + verbo infinitivo + complemento.
  • (-) Sujeto + be + not + going to + verbo infinitivo + complemento.
  • (?) Be + sujeto + going to + verbo infinitivo + complemento?
  • (=) Yes, + sujeto** + be. / No, + sujeto** + be + not.

Present Perfect Simple

  • (+) Sujeto + have/has + verbo pasado participio + complemento.
  • (-) Sujeto + have/has + not + verbo pasado participio + complemento.
  • (?) Have/Has + sujeto + verbo pasado participio + complemento?
  • (=) Yes, + sujeto** + have/has. / No, + sujeto** + have/has + not.

Present Perfect Continuous

  • (+) Sujeto + have/has + been + verbo -ing + complemento.
  • (-) Sujeto + have/has + not + been + verbo -ing + complemento.
  • (?) Have/Has + sujeto + been + verbo -ing + complemento?
  • (=) Yes, + sujeto** + have/has. / No, + sujeto** + have/has + not.

Past Perfect Simple

  • (+) Sujeto + had + verbo pasado participio + complemento.
  • (-) Sujeto + had + not + verbo pasado participio + complemento.
  • (?) Had + sujeto + verbo pasado participio + complemento?
  • (=) Yes, + sujeto** + had. / No, + sujeto** + had + not.

Past Perfect Continuous

  • (+) Sujeto + had + been + verbo -ing + complemento.
  • (-) Sujeto + had + not + been + verbo -ing + complemento.
  • (?) Had + sujeto + been + verbo -ing + complemento?
  • (=) Yes, + sujeto** + had. / No, + sujeto** + had + not.

Future Perfect Simple

  • (+) Sujeto + will have + verbo pasado participio + complemento.
  • (-) Sujeto + won't have + verbo pasado participio + complemento.
  • (?) Will + sujeto + have + verbo pasado participio + complemento?
  • (=) Yes, + sujeto** + will. / No, + sujeto** + won't.

Future Perfect Continuous

  • (+) Sujeto + will have been + verbo gerundio + complemento.
  • (-) Sujeto + won't have been + verbo gerundio + complemento.
  • (?) Will + sujeto + have been + verbo gerundio + complemento?
  • (=) Yes, + sujeto** + will. / No, + sujeto** + won't.

Modal Verb can (habilidades)

  • (+) Sujeto + can + verbo infinitivo + complemento.
  • (-) Sujeto + can + not + verbo infinitivo + complemento.
  • (?) Can + sujeto + verbo infinitivo + complemento?
  • (=) Yes, + sujeto + can. / No, + sujeto + can + not.

Modal Verb should (consejos)

  • (+) Sujeto + should + verbo infinitivo + complemento.
  • (-) Sujeto + should + not + verbo infinitivo + complemento.
  • (?) Should + sujeto + verbo infinitivo + complemento?
  • (=) Yes, + sujeto + should. / No, + sujeto + should + not.

Modal Verb would

  • (+) Sujeto + would + verbo infinitivo + complemento.
  • (-) Sujeto + would + not + verbo infinitivo + complemento.
  • (?) Would + sujeto + verbo infinitivo + complemento?
  • (=) Yes, + sujeto + would. / No, + sujeto + would + not.

Modal Verb could

  • (+) Sujeto + could + verbo infinitivo + complemento.
  • (-) Sujeto + could + not + verbo infinitivo + complemento.
  • (?) Could + sujeto + verbo infinitivo + complemento?
  • (=) Yes, + sujeto + could. / No, + sujeto + could + not.

Modal Verb may/might (probabilidad, permiso)

  • (+) Sujeto + may/might + verbo infinitivo + complemento.
  • (-) Sujeto + may/might + not + verbo infinitivo + complemento.
  • (?) May/Might + sujeto + verbo infinitivo + complemento?
  • (=) Yes, + sujeto + may/might. / No, + sujeto + may/might + not.

Modal Verb must (obligación interna, prohibición)

  • (+) Sujeto + must + verbo infinitivo + complemento.
  • (-) Sujeto + must + not + verbo infinitivo + complemento.
  • (?) Must + sujeto + verbo infinitivo + complemento?
  • (=) Yes, + sujeto + must. / No, + sujeto + must + not.

Modal Verb have to (obligación externa, no es necesario)

  • (+) Sujeto + have to/has to + verbo infinitivo + complemento.
  • (-) Sujeto + don't/doesn't + have to + verbo infinitivo + complemento.
  • (?) Do/Does + sujeto + have to + verbo infinitivo + complemento?
  • (=) Yes, + sujeto + do/does. / No, + sujeto + don't/doesn't.

would like to (preferencias)

  • (+) Sujeto + would like to + verbo infinitivo + complemento.
  • (-) Sujeto + wouldn't like to + verbo infinitivo + complemento.
  • (?) Would + sujeto + like to + verbo infinitivo + complemento?
  • (=) Yes, + sujeto + would. / No, + sujeto + wouldn't.

Zero Conditional

  • If + Present simple, Present Simple

First Conditional

  • If + Present simple, will + verbo forma base

Second Conditional

  • If + Pasado Simple, would/could/might + verbo forma base

Third Conditional

  • If + Pasado Perfecto, would have + verbo pasado participio

Present Simple Passive

  • (+) Sujeto + am/is/are + verbo pasado participio + complemento (+ by)
  • (-) Sujeto + am/is/are + not + verbo pasado participio + complemento (+ by)
  • (?) Am/Is/Are + sujeto + verbo pasado participio + complemento (+ by)?
  • (=) Yes, + sujeto + am/is/are. / No, + sujeto + am/is/are + not.

Present Continuous Passive

  • (+) Sujeto + am/is/are + being + verbo pasado participio + complemento (+ by)
  • (-) Sujeto + am/is/are + not + being + verbo pasado participio + complemento (+ by)
  • (?) Am/Is/Are + sujeto + being + verbo pasado participio + complemento (+ by)?
  • (=) Yes, + sujeto + am/is/are. / No, + sujeto + am/is/are + not.

Past Simple Passive

  • (+) Sujeto + was/were + verbo pasado participio + complemento (+ by)
  • (-) Sujeto + was/were + not + verbo pasado participio + complemento (+ by)
  • (?) Was/Were + sujeto + verbo pasado participio + complemento (+ by)?
  • (=) Yes, + sujeto + was/were. / No, + sujeto + wasn't/weren't.

Past Continuous Passive

  • (+) Sujeto + was/were + being + verbo pasado participio + complemento (+ by)
  • (-) Sujeto + was/were + not + being + verbo pasado participio + complemento (+ by)
  • (?) Was/Were + sujeto + being + verbo pasado participio + complemento (+ by)?
  • (=) Yes, + sujeto + was/were. / No, + sujeto + wasn't/weren't.

Future Passive

  • (+) Sujeto + will + be + verbo pasado participio + complemento (+ by)
  • (-) Sujeto + won't + be + verbo pasado participio + complemento (+ by)
  • (?) Will + sujeto + be + verbo pasado participio + complemento (+ by)?
  • (=) Yes, + sujeto + will. / No, + sujeto + won't.